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Thurso, Highland

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Thurso, Highland

Thurso is a town and former burgh on the north coast of the Highland council area of Scotland. It is the northernmost town on the British mainland. At the 2001 Census, Thurso had a population of about 9,000. The earliest recorded name is the Celtic Tarvodubron, 'bull water', which became Thjorsá in the Norse translation, but owing to the frequency of Thor in place names, this was later adapted to Thorsá or 'Thor's River. ' Historically, it is one of two burghs within the county of Caithness.
Post townThurso
Administrative CountyHighland
Traditional CountyCaithness
OS GridND1168
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Region
CountryScotland
Police AuthorityNorthern Scotland
Fire and Rescue AuthorityHighlands and Islands
Fire and Rescue AuthorityHighlands and Islands
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code01847
Population8,721 (2001 Census)
 

Other names by which Thurso, Highland has been known in the past

Inver Aorsa ~ Inver Horsa ~ Therso ~ Thors A ~ Thorsa

Thurso, Highland in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Thurso.-- seaport, police burgh, and par., Caithness, on Thurso Bay, at the mouth of river Thurso, 20¾ miles NW. of Wick by rail and 25 SW. of Stromness by sea - par., 28,049 ac., pop. 6217; burgh, pop. 4026; P.O., T.O., 5 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Friday. Thurso has a small harbour, which is obstructed by a bar at the mouth of the river, but there is a good pier and roadstead at Scrabster. Grain and flagstones for paving are exported. The fisheries in Dunnet Bay are productive. Thurso (from the Norse Thorsa - i.e. Thor's river) is an ancient place, and was a great centre of trade between Scotland and the Scandinavian countries. It was made a burgh of barony in 1633, and for nearly 2 centuries afterwards was practically the county town of Caithness. Thurso Castle is the seat of the Sinclairs of Thurso.

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