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Elgin, Moray

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Elgin, Moray

Elgin is a former cathedral city and Royal Burgh in Moray, Scotland. It is the administrative and commercial centre for Moray. The town originated to the south of the River Lossie on the higher ground above the flood plain. Elgin is first documented in the Cartulary of Moray in 1190. It was created a Royal Burgh in the 12th century by King David I of Scotland and by that time had a castle on top of the present day Lady Hill to the west of the town.
Post townELGIN
Administrative CountyMoray
Traditional CountyMorayshire
OS GridNJ2162
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityGrampian
Fire and Rescue AuthorityGrampian
Fire and Rescue AuthorityGrampian
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code01343
Population25,678 (Census 2001)

Other names by which Elgin, Moray has been known in the past


Elgin, Moray in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Elgin, cap. of co., parl. and royal burgh, and par., Elginshire, 5 miles by rail S. of its seaport Lossiemouth, 37 NE. of Inverness, 70 NW. of Aberdeen, 178 N. of Edinburgh, and 569 NW. of London -- par., 19,166 ac., pop. 8741; parl. burgh, pop. 7413; royal burgh, 6286; town, 7533; P.O., T.O., 7 Banks, 1 newspaper.Market-day, Friday; is finely situated on the Lossie, in the midst of an amphitheatre of wooded hills. The beauty of its scenery, the salubrity of its climate, and its schools, for which it has long been famous, make it an attractive place of residence, and it consists, in great part, of elegant mansions and villas. It is an ancient place, and contains many antiquities, notably the ruins of the Cathedral (founded 1224, burned by the "Wolf of Badenoch" 1390, restored 1424, plundered 1568), of the Bishop's town residence, and of the Convent of the Grey Friars, and the remains, on Ladyhill, of the old castle, one of the seats of Scottish royalty. Among its public buildings are Gray's Hospital (1819) and Anderson's Institution (1833). Elgin is the centre of one of the most fertile districts of Scotland and its trade is largely connected with its weekly and other markets; it has, however, some small industrial establishments, including woollen manufactories, iron-foundries, tanneries, and breweries. The Elgin Burghs return 1 member: they consist of Elgin, in co. of same name; Banff and Cullen, in Banffshire; and Inverurie, Kintore, and Peterhead, in Aberdeenshire.

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