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Falkland, Fife

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Falkland, Fife

Falkland is a town and former royal burgh, formerly known as the Parish of Kilgour c1300AD in Fife, Scotland at the foot of the Lomond Hills. According to the 2008 population estimate, the village has a population of 1,180.
Post townCupar
Administrative CountyFife
Traditional CountyFife
OS GridNO2507
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityFife
Fire and Rescue AuthorityFife
Fire and Rescue AuthorityFife
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code01337

Falkland, Fife in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Falkland, ancient royal burgh, small town, and par. (ry. sta. Falkland Road, 2½ miles SE.), Fifeshire, at N. foot of East Lomond Hill, 22 miles NW. of Edinburgh --par., 8265 ac., pop. 2698; royal burgh, pop. 972; town, pop. 1068; P.O., T.O., 1 Bank; has some weaving and flax-spinning. Falkland was constituted a royal burgh by James II., 1458. In Falkland Castle, originally a stronghold of the earls of Fife, David, Duke of Rothesay, eldest son of Robert III., was imprisoned and starved to death, 1402. Falkland Palace is supposed to have been begun by James II.; it was completed by James V., who died there, 1542. It had a fine park with abundance of deer, and was a frequent residence of James VI.; the oaks of the park were cut down by Cromwell to build a fort at Perth. In 1715 Falkland Palace was garrisoned by Rob Roy. What remains of it has been renovated, and it is now occupied as a dwelling-house. A little W. of the town is Falkland House, seat; 1 m. E. is Newton of Falkland, vil.

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