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St Andrews, Fife

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St Andrews, Fife

St Andrews is a former royal burgh on the east coast of Fife in Scotland, named after Saint Andrew the Apostle. The town is home to the University of St Andrews, the third oldest university in the English-speaking world, the oldest in Scotland and one of Britain's most prestigious. The University is an integral part of the burgh, and during term time students make up approximately one third of the town's population.
Post townST. ANDREWS
Administrative CountyFife
Traditional CountyFife
OS GridNO5116
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Region
CountryScotland
Police AuthorityFife
Fire and Rescue AuthorityFife
Fire and Rescue AuthorityFife
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code01334
Population16,680
 

Other names by which St Andrews, Fife has been known in the past

Regimund ~ S. Andrewes ~ Saint Andrews

St Andrews, Fife in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

St Andrews.-- parl. and royal burgh, watering-place, seaport, seat of a university, and par., Fife, on St Andrews Bay, 15 miles SE. of Dundee and 45 miles NE. of Edinburgh by rail - par., 11,482 ac., pop. 7835; parl. burgh, pop. 6452; royal burgh, pop. 6406; town, pop. 6458; P.O., T.O., 4 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Monday. St Andrews was founded in the time of the Culdees; was long the ecclesiastical metropolis of Scotland; was made a royal burgh about 1140; was the scene of the martyrdom of Patrick Hamilton (1527), George Wishart (1545), and others; diminished in importance after 1650, but revived about 1853; and is now a fashionable watering-place. The University of St Andrews, founded in 1411, is the oldest of the Scottish universities; includes the College of St Salvator and St Leonard, devoted to Arts and Medicine, and the College of St Mary, devoted to Divinity; and had 15 professors and 195 students in 1883-84. The Cathedral, now a ruin, was founded in 1159; the church of St Eegulus, or St Kule, is a well preserved ruin; and there are also remains of two monasteries. The ruins of the Castle (13th century) are situated on a rocky promontory overhanging the sea. The shipping trade is very small; a number of the inhabitants engage in the herring fisheries. St Andrews is one of the headquarters of golfing in Scotland. The St Andrews District of Parliamentary Burghs (St Andrews, Crail, Cupar, Anstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Kilrenny, and Pittenweem) returns 1 member.

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