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Kilwinning, North Ayrshire

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Kilwinning, North Ayrshire

Kilwinning is a historic town in North Ayrshire, Scotland. It is known as The Crossroads of Ayrshire. The 2001 Census recorded it as having a population of 15,908. At the 2011 Census Kilwinning had a poplation of 16,109
Administrative CountyNorth Ayrshire
Traditional CountyAyrshire
OS GridNS3043
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityStrathclyde
Fire and Rescue AuthorityStrathclyde
Fire and Rescue AuthorityStrathclyde
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code01294
Population18,693 (2001)

Other names by which Kilwinning, North Ayrshire has been known in the past


Kilwinning, North Ayrshire in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Kilwinning, town and par. with ry. sta., N. Ayrshire - par., 10,989 ac., pop. 7037; town, on river Garnock, 3½ miles NW. of Irvine, 25½ SW. of Glasgow, and 392 NW. of London, pop. 3469; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks. Kilwinning has some remains of an abbey, founded in 1140 and destroyed in 1561. It is traditionally the birthplace of Scottish Freemasonry, and the Kilwinning Lodge claims (or claimed) to be the Mother Lodge of Scotland; in the Statutes of 1599, however, precedence was given to the lodge at Edinburgh. The Royal Company of Archers of Kilwinning dates from at least 1488; their annual custom of shooting at the papingo or popinjay is described in Scott's Old Mortality. Kilwinning has a woollen factory and large engineering and fireclay works, and many of the inhabitants find employment in the neighbouring Eglinton Ironworks.

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