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Leith, City of Edinburgh

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Leith, City of Edinburgh

Leith is a district and former municipal burgh to the north of the city of Edinburgh at the mouth of the Water of Leith in Scotland. It has long been regarded as Edinburgh's port. It lies on the south shore of the Firth of Forth, in the unitary local authority of the City of Edinburgh.
Administrative CountyCity of Edinburgh
Traditional CountyMidlothian
OS GridNT2776
OS Settlement ClassificationOther settlement (village, hamlet etc)
Police AuthorityLothian and Borders
Fire and Rescue AuthorityLothian and Borders
Fire and Rescue AuthorityLothian and Borders
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code0131

Other names by which Leith, City of Edinburgh has been known in the past

Inverlet ~ Let

Leith, City of Edinburgh in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Leith, parl. burgh, seaport, and manufacturing town, in Cramond, North Leith, St Cuthberts, and South Leith pars., Edinburghshire, on S. side of Firth of Forth, 1½ mile N. of centre of Edinburgh - parl. burgh, pop. 58,196; town, pop. 59,485; 7 Banks, 3 news-papers. Marketday, Wednesday. Leith is divided by the Water of Leith into two parts, called North Leith and South Leith. It is connected with Edinburgh, (of which it is the port) by Leith Walk and other lines of streets, and by railway and tramway. Leith is first mentioned, in a charter of 1128, as Inverleith. It early rose to commercial importance, but suffered repeatedly by war. Leith is the chief seaport on the E. coast of Scotland, and has a splendid roadstead and extensive docks. (On the E. pier are two fixed lights, each seen 8 miles, and at the extremity of the W. pier is a fixed light seen 10 miles.) It carries on a large foreign, colonial, and coasting trade, and has regular steam communication with London, Hull, Newcastle, Aberdeen, Orkney and Shetland, and the Baltic ports. In 1880 a line of cargo-carrying steamers began to run to New York. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) The industrial establishments include shipbuilding-yards, sawmills, flour mills, sugar refineries, engineering works, breweries, distilleries, chemical works, &c. Leith is the head of one of the 25 fishery districts of Scotland. On the SE. side of the town are extensive golfing links. Leith Fort (1779) is the headquarters of the Royal Artillery in Scotland. The Leith District of Parliamentary Burghs (Leith, Portobello, and Musselburgh, all in Mid-Lothian) returns 1 member.

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