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Musselburgh, East Lothian

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Musselburgh, East Lothian

This article is about Musselburgh in Scotland.
Administrative CountyEast Lothian
Traditional CountyMidlothian
OS GridNT3573
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityLothian and Borders
Fire and Rescue AuthorityLothian and Borders
Fire and Rescue AuthorityLothian and Borders
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code0131

Other names by which Musselburgh, East Lothian has been known in the past

Eskmouth ~ Musclebro ~ Musclebrow ~ Musselborow

Musselburgh, East Lothian in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Musselburgh, parl. burgh and town, Inveresk par., Edinburghshire, at mouth of river Esk, 6 miles E. of Edinburgh by rail - parl. burgh, pop. 7866; town (consisting of Fisherrow portion W. of river Esk, pop. 4370; Musselburgh portion E. of river Esk, pop. 3266; and West-pans portion, pop. 244), pop. 7870; P.O., T.O., 3 Banks. Musselburgh is said to derive its name from a mussel bank near the mouth of the Esk, having been previously called Eskmouth; it was partly destroyed by the English in 1544, and again in 1548; and it was the headquarters of Cromwell's army for nearly two months in 1650. The old Tolbooth, built in 1590, of materials from the ruins of the chapel of Loretto, is an interesting building; it is not now used as a prison. The Links of Musselburgh, on the E. side of the town by the shore, have long been noted as a golfing ground; they are also used as a racecourse and an archery ground. There are extensive market gardens in the vicinity. The mfr. of nets and twine is an important industry; brewing and tanning are carried on. The fishing industry of the burgh is confined to that portion of it called Fisherrow, which is reached by a stone bridge of 5 arches across the river Esk. Musselburgh is one of the Leith District of Parliamentary Burghs, which returns 1 member. See also INVERESK.

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