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Whithorn, Dumfries and Galloway

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Whithorn, Dumfries and Galloway

Whithorn (Taigh Mhàrtainn in Gaelic) is a former royal burgh in Wigtownshire Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, about ten miles south of Wigtown. The town was the location of the first recorded Christian church in Scotland, Candida Casa : the 'White [or 'Shining'] House', built by Saint Ninian (original form Nynia) about 397. Ref. The Whithorn Trust Refer to Archaeological and Historical Collections relating to Ayrshire and Galloway. vol. VII.
Administrative CountyDumfries and Galloway
Traditional CountyWigtownshire
OS GridNX4440
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityDumfries and Galloway
Fire and Rescue AuthorityDumfries and Galloway
Fire and Rescue AuthorityDumfries and Galloway
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code01988
Population867 (2001 Census)

Other names by which Whithorn, Dumfries and Galloway has been known in the past

Candida Casa ~ Whit Heene

Whithorn, Dumfries and Galloway in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Whithorn, royal and police burgh, and par., Wigtownshire, 12½ miles S. of Wigtown by rail - par., 11,891 ac., pop. 2929; police burgh, pop. 1653; royal burgh, pop. 1643; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks. Market-day, Thursday. Whithorn is a place of great antiquity, and has the ruins of a cathedral, occupying the site of a church founded (4th century) by St Ninian - the "Candida Casa," and the earliest Christian church in Scotland. The shrine of St Ninian at Whithorn was long a famous resort of pilgrimage. Whithorn formed one of the Wigtown District of parliamentary burghs, which returned 1 member until 1885.

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