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Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway

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Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway

Dumfries is a market town and former royal burgh within the Dumfries and Galloway council area of Scotland. It is near the mouth of the River Nith into the Solway Firth. Dumfries was the county town of the former county of Dumfriesshire. Dumfries is nicknamed Queen of the South. People from Dumfries are known colloquially as Doonhamers. Dumfries as of the last census has a population on 43,600
Administrative CountyDumfries and Galloway
Traditional CountyDumfriesshire
OS GridNX9776
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityDumfries and Galloway
Fire and Rescue AuthorityDumfries and Galloway
Fire and Rescue AuthorityDumfries and Galloway
Ambulance AuthorityScottish
Dialling code01387
Population43,009 (2001 census)

Other names by which Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway has been known in the past


Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Dumfries, cap. of co., parl. and royal burgh, par., and river port, Dumfries-shire, on river Nith, 33 miles NW. of Carlisle by rail, 92 SE. of Glasgow, and 324 NW. of London -- par., 10,032 ac., pop. 16,841; parl. burgh and town, pop. 17,092; royal burgh, pop. 15,713; P.O., T.O., 7 Banks, 3 newspapers. Market-day, Wednesday. Dumfries is the chief place in the S. of Scotland. It is the capital of a rich rural district, and is an important manufacturing town. The staple is tweeds, but D. has also hosiery and hat mfrs., clog making, basket making, timber trade, ironworks, and tanneries. The traffic is now carried on chiefly by rail, and the port has decreased in importance. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) D. is connected with its suburb Maxwelltown (which, with the Terregles part of the town, is in Kirkcudbright) by a stone bridge of the 13th century. In the Minorite Convent Bruce slew the Red Comyn in 1305. The town was plundered and burned by the Highlanders in 1745. The poet Burns died at Dumfries in 1796. The Dumfries Burghs, for parliamentary purposes, consist of Dumfries, Annan, Lochmaben, and Sanquhar, in co. of Dumfries, and Kirkcudbright, in co. of same name; they send 1 member to Parliament.

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