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Morpeth, Northumberland

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Morpeth, Northumberland

Morpeth is the county town of Northumberland, England. It is situated on the River Wansbeck which flows east through the town. The town is 1.25 miles from the A1, which bypasses it. Since 1981, it has been the administrative centre of the County of Northumberland. In the 2001 census the town had a population of 13,833. Nearby villages include Mitford and Pegswood.
Post townMORPETH
Administrative CountyNorthumberland
Traditional CountyNorthumberland
OS GridNZ2085
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionNorth East
CountryEngland
Police AuthorityNorthumbria
Fire and Rescue AuthorityNorthumberland
Fire and Rescue AuthorityNorthumberland
Ambulance AuthorityNorth East
Dialling code01670
Population13,833 (2001)
 

Other names by which Morpeth, Northumberland has been known in the past

Morpath ~ Morpeth Castle

Morpeth, Northumberland in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Morpeth.-- parl. and mun. bor., market town, par., and township, Northumberland, 10½ miles N. by W. of Newcastle and 288 miles from London by rail - par., 11,741 ac., pop. 6946; township, 547ac., pop. 5068; parl. bor., 17,085 ac., pop. 33,459; mun. bor., 231 ac., pop. 4556; town, 5685 ac., pop. 6115; 4 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Wednesday. The situation of Morpeth, in a beautiful valley of the Wansbeck, is very fine, as well as remarkably healthy. Prior to the Norman Conquest the place was of some importance. Of the old castle only the gateway remains. An abbey stood at Newminster, a little to the W. None of the industries of the town are important, but they comprise tanning, malting, brewing, ironfounding, and woollen mfrs. Large collieries are in close proximity to the town. The bor. returns 1 member to Parliament; it returned 2 members prior to 1832.

Morpeth, Northumberland in "A Topographical Dictionary of England" edited by Samuel Lewis (1848)

MORPETH (St. Mary), a parish, a borough, and the head of a union, partly in the E. and partly in the W. division of Castle ward, S. division, and partly in the W. division of Morpeth ward, N. division, of Northumberland; containing 4415 inhabitants, of whom 3441 are in the town, 15 miles (N.) from Newcastleupon-Tyne, and 289 (N.) from London. This town is supposed to derive its name from Mor-path, or "the road past the small hills, or Mors," so called in the north. The first certain account preserved of it, is in the grant by the Conqueror of the manor to one of his followers, William de Merlay, whose son Ranulph added largely to his paternal estates by his marriage with Julian, daughter of Cospatrick, Earl of Dunbar; ultimately the family became one of the most powerful in the north of England, and were owners of about a fourth of the county of Northumberland. In 1266, their possessions were vested in two coheiresses, Mary and Isabel, to the elder of whom, wife of William, Baron of Greystock, the manor of Morpeth was allotted. In 1483, it came to Elizabeth, Baroness Greystock and Wemm, who intermarried with Thomas, Lord Dacre, of Gilsland, distinguished as Lord Dacre of the North, from whom it passed to his son and grandson; and the latter dying in 1566, it once more became vested in two coheiresses. These were, Anne, who married Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel, and Elizabeth, who married Lord William Howard, third son of the Duke of Norfolk; the manor fell to the share of the latter nobleman, and is now the property of his lineal descendant, the present Earl of Carlisle. In 1215, the town was set on fire by the barons, in order to obstruct the military operations of King John; in 1689 it was nearly destroyed by an accidental conflagration.

Arms.

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