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Darlington, Darlington

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Darlington, Darlington

Darlington is a market town in the Borough of Darlington, part of the ceremonial county of County Durham, in the North East of England. It lies on the small River Skerne, a tributary of the River Tees, not far from the main river. It is the main population centre in the borough, with a population of 106,000 as of 2011. The town owes much of its development to the influence of local Quaker families during the Victorian era, and it is famous as the location of the world's first passenger railway.
Post townDARLINGTON
Administrative CountyDarlington
Traditional CountyDurham
OS GridNZ2814
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionNorth East
CountryEngland
Police AuthorityDurham
Fire and Rescue AuthorityCounty Durham and Darlington
Fire and Rescue AuthorityCounty Durham and Darlington
Ambulance AuthorityNorth East
Dialling code01325
Population97,712
 

Other names by which Darlington, Darlington has been known in the past

Derlington

Darlington, Darlington in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Darlington.-- parl. and mun. bor., market town, par., and township, S. Durham, on river Skerne, 12 miles W. of Stockton-on-Tees, 36 S. of Newcastle, and 232 N. of London by rail -- par., 7811 ac., pop. 36,666; township, 3351 ac., pop. 33,428; parl. bor. and mun. bor., 3910 ac., pop. 35,104; 4 Banks, 4 newspapers. Market-days, Monday and Friday. Since the opening of the Stockton and D. Ry., D. has been the centre of the industrial dist. of S. Durham. It has large iron and steel works, extensive locomotive establishments, breweries, tanneries, and some wool mills. St Cuthbert's Collegiate Church dates from the beginning of the 13th century. D. may be regarded as the birthplace of the modern railway. The Stockton and Darlington Ry. was the first line in the kingdom on which locomotive steam engines were used. It was projected in 1818, and opened in 1825. George Stephenson (1781-1848), inventor of the locomotive, was the engineer. His engine, "Locomotive No. 1, " stands on a stone pedestal at the North Road station. The bor. returns 1 member to Parliament.

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