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South Shields, South Tyneside

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South Shields, South Tyneside

South Shields (or locally known just as Shields) is a coastal town in Tyne and Wear, England, located at the mouth of the River Tyne to Tyne Dock, and about 4.84 miles downstream from Newcastle upon Tyne. Historically within County Durham, the town has a population of 82,854, the second largest population centre in the Tyneside conurbation after Newcastle.
Administrative CountySouth Tyneside
Traditional CountyDurham
OS GridNZ3666
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionNorth East
Police AuthorityNorthumbria
Fire and Rescue AuthorityTyne and Wear
Fire and Rescue AuthorityTyne and Wear
Ambulance AuthorityNorth East
Dialling code0191

Other names by which South Shields, South Tyneside has been known in the past

Shields ~ Shields South

South Shields, South Tyneside in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Shields, South, parl. and mun. bor., seaport, and township, Jarrow par., Durham, at mouth of river Tyne, opposite North Shields, 8 miles E. of Newcastle on Tyne and 269 miles from London by rail - township, 90 ac., pop. 7710; bor. (consisting of South Shields township and Westoe township), 1839 ac., pop. 56,875; 4 Banks, 3 newspapers. North Shields (or Tynemouth) and South Shields, connected by steam ferry, are called the "twin towns." The ports, improved and deepened by dredging and the construction of piers, are capable of accommodating at their quays vessels of any size, and carry on an extensive trade, particularly in coal. South Shields is one of the Tyne Ports. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) The industrial establishments of South Shields comprise works for the production of steam-engine boilers and chain-cables and anchors, rope-works, sail-cloth factories, glass-works, potteries, alkali-works, and chemical works. Shipbuilding has declined. The chief architectural feature is a large market square, in the centre of which is a colonnaded building containing the town hall. South Shields is supposed to have been a Roman station, and to take its name from the fishers' huts (or shiels) anciently on its site. In the 13th century North Shields and South Shields had risen to sufficient importance, as ports, to excite the jealousy of Newcastle. At the close of the 15th century South Shields became famous for salt-works, towards the close of the 17th century for glass-works, and in the 18th century for chemical works; but so late as 1750 it was little more than a village. Since that date its prosperity has been rapid and steady. It was made a parl. bor. in 1832, and a mun. bor. in 1850. It returns 1 member to Parl.

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