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Hartlepool, Hartlepool

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Hartlepool, Hartlepool

Hartlepool is a town in the ceremonial county of County Durham, and is part of the Tees Valley economic area in the North East of England. It was founded in the 7th century AD, around the Northumbrian monastery of Hartlepool Abbey. The village grew during the Middle Ages and developed a harbour which served as the official port of the County Palatine of Durham. A railway link from the north was established from the South Durham coal fields to the historic town.
Post townHARTLEPOOL
Administrative CountyHartlepool
Traditional CountyDurham
OS GridNZ5032
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionNorth East
CountryEngland
Police AuthorityCleveland
Fire and Rescue AuthorityCleveland
Fire and Rescue AuthorityCleveland
Ambulance AuthorityNorth East
Dialling code01429
Population92,900 (2012)
 

Other names by which Hartlepool, Hartlepool has been known in the past

Hartlepoole ~ Heort Nesse ~ Heorteu ~ Heortu

Hartlepool, Hartlepool in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Hartlepool, parl. and mun. bor., township, and seaport, Durham, on a headland N. of Tees, 10 miles NE. of Stockton, 18 miles SE. of Durham, and 250 miles NW. of London by rail - mun. bor. and township (Hart par.), 137 ac., pop. 12,361; parl. bor. (comprising Hartlepool and Throston townships, Hart par., an Seaton Carew and Stranton townships, Stranton par.), 7267 ac., pop. 46,990; 5 Banks, 3 newspapers. Market-day, Saturday. The parl. bor. embraces the mun. bor. of Hartlepool and the town of West Hartlepool (1880 ac., pop. 28,523), and is designated "The Hartlepools." Hartlepool was of some consequence as a port as early as the 12th century. West Hartlepool was founded in 1844, and has risen very rapidly, chiefly through the development of the local iron and coal trade. Shipping, shipbuilding, and the prosecution of coast-fishing, form other valuable employments of the inhabitants. Coal is very largely exported. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) There are large brass and iron foundries, engine and boiler works, &c. Of late Hartlepool has been frequented as a bathing-place. Hartlepool Lighthouse, at Heugh, is 73 ft. high, and has 2 fixed lights, 84 and 62 ft. above high water and seen 15 and 4 miles. On the old harbour pier head is a fixed light seen 7 miles. The bor. returns 1 member to Parliament.

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