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Lancaster is the county town of Lancashire, England It is situated on the River Lune and has a population of 45,952. Lancaster is a constituent settlement of the wider City of Lancaster, a local government district which has a population of 133,914 and encompasses several outlying settlements, including neighbouring Morecambe. Long existing as a commercial, cultural and educational centre, Lancaster is the settlement that gives Lancashire its name.
Administrative CountyLancashire
Traditional CountyLancashire
OS GridSD4761
OS Settlement ClassificationCity
RegionNorth West
Police AuthorityLancashire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityLancashire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityLancashire
Ambulance AuthorityNorth West
Dialling code01524
Population45,952 (2001 Census)

Other names by which Lancaster has been known in the past

Caer Werid ~ Lancaster Castle ~ Loncastell ~ Loncaster ~ Longovicus ~ Setantiorum Portus ~ Loncastre

Lancaster in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Lancaster, mun. bor., seaport, par., township, and co. town of Lancashire, in N. div. of the co., on S. bank of river Lune, 51½ miles NW. of Manchester and 231 NW. of London by rail--par., 71,323 ac. (3350 water) and 11,726 foreshore, pop. 39,531; bor. and township, 1494 ac. (154 water), pop. 20,663; 2 Banks, 3 newspapers. Market-days, Wednesday and Saturday. Lancaster has a picturesque and pleasant situation on the acclivities of a hill, which is crowned by the Castle (now the co. gaol), said to have been erected on the site of the Roman castrum. In 1698 the town was nearly destroyed by fire; it also suffered during the risings of 1715 and 1745. The accumulation of sand in the river has made the port inaccessible for large vessels, but there is a dock at Glasson, 5 miles distant, where ships usually transfer their cargoes to lighters. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) The industries comprise the mfr. of cabinet furniture, fancy oilcloths for table-covers, &C., cotton and silk goods, railway plant, and machinery.

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