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Halifax, Calderdale

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Halifax, Calderdale

Halifax is a minster town, within the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England. It has an urban area population of 82,056 in the 2001 Census. It is well known as a centre of England's woollen manufacture from the 15th century onward, originally dealing through the Halifax Piece Hall. Halifax is known for its Mackintosh chocolate and toffee (now owned by Nestlé), the Halifax bank (formerly Halifax Building Society), and the nearby Shibden Hall.
Post townHalifax
Administrative CountyCalderdale
Traditional CountyYorkshire, West Riding
OS GridSE0925
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
CountryEngland
Police AuthorityWest Yorkshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityWest Yorkshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityWest Yorkshire
Ambulance AuthorityYorkshire
Dialling code01422
Population82,056 (2001 Census)
 

Other names by which Halifax, Calderdale has been known in the past

Hali Fex ~ Halig Fax ~ Hallifax ~ Haly Fax ~ Horton

Halifax, Calderdale in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Halifax, parl. and mun. bor., par., and township, N. div. West-Riding Yorkshire, on river Hebble, near its confluence with the Calder, 7 miles SW. of Bradford, 25 NE. of Manchester, and 191 NW. of London by rail -- parl. and mun. bor., 3768 ac., pop. 73,630; par., 82,539 ac., pop. 193,707; township, 999 ac., pop. 42,633; 4 Banks, 3 newspapers. Market-day, Saturday. The importance of Halifax is due to its extensive mfrs., which originated early in the 15th century. Previously it was little more than a straggling village. Its principal buildings are of modern date; excepting the beautiful parish church (restored 1879) of St John the Baptist, which was first erected in the llth century. All Souls' Church, the Square Church, and the Town Hall also are remarkable for their architectural beauty. There are 3 public parks and 2 grammar-schools. The town ranks with Leeds, Bradford, and Huddersfield as a centre of the Yorkshire woollen and worsted mfrs. Carpets, damasks, cashmeres, baizes, blankets, and a variety of the lighter descriptions of textile fabrics, are its principal productions. Many of the inhabitants are employed in coal mines and stone quarries in the vicinity of the town. Ironworks, chemical works, and the mfr. of machinery, are also leading occupations. Halifax (originally called Horton) was made a parliamentary bor. in 1832, and a municipal bor. in 1848. The bor. returns 2 members to Parliament.

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