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Birkenhead, Wirral

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Birkenhead, Wirral

Birkenhead is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral in Merseyside, England. Historically part of Cheshire, it is on the Wirral Peninsula, along the west bank of the River Mersey, opposite the city of Liverpool. At the 2001 Census, the town had a population of 83,729. Birkenhead is perhaps best known as a centre for ship building, as a seaport and its related industries.
Administrative CountyWirral
Traditional CountyCheshire
OS GridSJ3088
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionNorth West
Police AuthorityMerseyside
Fire and Rescue AuthorityMerseyside
Fire and Rescue AuthorityMerseyside
Ambulance AuthorityNorth West
Dialling code0151
Population(2001 Census)

Other names by which Birkenhead, Wirral has been known in the past

Bircheved ~ Birkenhedde ~ Birket Wood ~ Birkete ~ Birkinhead

Birkenhead, Wirral in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Birkenhead, mun. and parl. bor. and seaport town, Cheshire, opposite Liverpool, on the left hank of the Mersey, 13 miles NNW. of Chester, and 194 miles from London by rail, 3849 ac., pop. 84,006; 2 Banks, 2 newspapers. Market-days, Wednesday and Saturday. It is of modern growth, its prosperity being due to its large docks, and has wide and regular streets, with many fine buildings, and an extensive public park. It possesses a free public library, and a theological college (St Aidan's) for the training of students as clergymen for foreign missions. The water supply is derived from abundant springs within the bor. itself, the water being forced, by pumping, into reservoirs built on the heights of the town. Its chief industries are shipbuilding and machinery mfr. Communication with Liverpool is kept up by fine large steamboats plying from each side of the River every 10 minutes, and has been further improved by the Mersey Tunnel Ry. (The shipping statistics are included in those of the port of Liverpool.) Birkenhead was made a parl. bor. in 1861, and a mun. bor. in 1877. It returns 1 member to Parliament.

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