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Buxton, Derbyshire

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Buxton, Derbyshire

Buxton is a spa town in Derbyshire, England. It has the highest elevation of any market town in England. Located close to the county boundary with Cheshire to the west and Staffordshire to the south, Buxton is described as "the gateway to the Peak District National Park". A municipal borough until 1974, Buxton was then merged with other localities including Glossop, lying primarily to the north, to form the local government district and borough of High Peak within the county of Derbyshire.
DistrictHigh Peak
Post townBUXTON
Administrative CountyDerbyshire
Traditional CountyDerbyshire
OS GridSK0673
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionEast Midlands
CountryEngland
Police AuthorityDerbyshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityDerbyshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityDerbyshire
Ambulance AuthorityEast Midlands
Dialling code01298
Population20,836 (2001 Census)
 

Other names by which Buxton, Derbyshire has been known in the past

Badestanes ~ Bawkestanes ~ Buckstones ~ Buxtons

Buxton, Derbyshire in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Buxton.-- watering-place, market town, and township, Bakewell par., N. Derbyshire, 36 miles NW. of Derby and 163 miles NW. of London by rail -- township, 1823 ac., pop. 4110; town, pop. 6025; 2 Banks, 5 newspapers. Market-day, Saturday. The town is finely situated in a valley, 1000 ft. above sea-level, and is remarkable for its dry, bracing climate. It has long been famous for its mineral waters, which were known to the Romans. The springs supply hot and cold water, though only a short distance apart. The average temperature of the hot springs is 82 Fahr.; they discharge about 60 gals. per minute. There are excellent hotels and the various establishments that are to be found in a favourite watering -place. In the vicinity is Diamond Hill, so named from its abundance of quartz crystals; also, Poole's Hole, a remarkable stalactite caver.

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