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Chesterfield is a market town and a borough of Derbyshire, England. It lies 24 miles north of Derby, on a confluence of the rivers Rother and Hipper. Its population is 103,800 (2011), making it Derbyshire's largest town (the larger Derby being a city). It is located on the A61, 6 miles from the M1, and forms part of the Sheffield City Region. Chesterfield received its market charter in 1204. It has the largest open air markets in Britain.
|OS Settlement Classification||Town|
Other names by which Chesterfield, Derbyshire has been known in the past
Chester Feld ~ Chester Field ~ Chesterffield ~ Cestrefeld
Chesterfield, Derbyshire in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)
Chesterfield.-- mun. bor., par., and township with ry. sta. Derbyshire, 11 miles S. of Sheffield -- par., 11,451 ac., pop. 29,039; township and bor., 328 ac., pop. 12,221; P.O., T.O., 3 Banks, 4 newspapers. Market-day, Saturday; has mfrs. of lace, merino, silk, cotton, earthenware, and hardware, while the neighbourhood is rich in coal, iron, lead, and clay. The trade of the place greatly increased after 1776, when Brindley constructed the C. Canal. C. has a free grammar-school, founded by Queen Elizabeth, and an institute of mining, civil, and mechanical engineers. It is a place of great antiquity, having been a Roman station on the road from Derby to York. C. has a fine church (All Saints) with a twisted spire, 230 ft. high.
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