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Leicester

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Leicester

City of Leicester —  City & Unitary authority  — Leicester landmarks: (clockwise from top-left) Jewry Wall, National Space Centre, Leicester War Memorial, Central Leicester, Curve theatre, Leicester Cathedral and Guildhall, Welford Road Stadium, Leicester Market Official logo of City of Leicester Motto: Semper Eadem Location within Leicestershire and England Coordinates: {{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:52|38|N|1|08|W|type:city_region:GB|| | |name= }} Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region East Midlands Ceremonial county Leicestershire Admin HQ New Walk Centre, Leicester City Centre Founded AD 50 City Status restored 1919 Government  • Type Unitary authority, City  • Mayor Sir Peter Soulsby  • Leadership Elected mayor and cabinet  • Unitary authority Leicester City Council  • List of MPs List of MPs Jon Ashworth Liz Kendall Keith Vaz Area  • City & Unitary authority (73.32 km) Population (2011 est. )  • City & Unitary authority 329,600  • Density Bad rounding here{{#invoke:Math|precision_format| 10,826.150301204 | 1-4 }}/sq mi (4,180/km)  • Urban 441,213  • Metro 772,400 (LUZ)  • Ethnicity Ethnic groups 50.6% White 45.1% White British 1.0% White Irish 0.1% Gypsy or Irish Traveller 4.6% Other White   3.5% Mixed 1.4% Black Caribbean & White 0.4% Black African & White 1.0% South Asian & White 0.7% Other Mixed   37.1% Asian or Asian British 28.3% Indian 2.4% Pakistani 1.1% Bangladeshi 1.3% Chinese 4.0% Other Asian   6.3% Black or Black British 1.5% Black Caribbean 3.8% Black African 1.0% Other Black   1.0% Arab   1.6% Other Time zone Greenwich Mean Time  • Summer  British Summer Time Postcode LE Area code(s) 0116 Twin cities  • 22x20px – Strasbourg France (since 1960)  • 22x20px – Krefeld Germany (since 1969)  • 22x20px – Masaya Nicaragua (since 1987)  • 22x20px – Chongqing China (since 1993)  • 22x20px – Rajkot India (since 1996)  • 22x20px – Haskovo Bulgaria (since 2008) Grid Ref. SK584044 ONS code 00FN (ONS)E06000016 (GSS) ISO 3166-2 GB-LCE NUTS 3 UKF21 Distance to London 102.8 mi Demonym Leicesterian Website http://www. leicester. gov. uk/ http://www. leicester. gov. uk/] Leicester is a city and unitary authority in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire. The city lies on the River Soar and at the edge of the National Forest. In the 2011 census, the population of the Leicester unitary authority was 330,000, the highest in the region, whilst 480,000 people lived in the wider Leicester Urban Area in 2011, making Leicester the tenth largest city in the United Kingdom and the UK's fourteenth largest urban area. It is the largest city in the East Midlands with a population of 330,000 and second largest in the Midlands behind its much larger neighbour Birmingham. It has the second largest urban area in the East Midlands region. Eurostat's Larger Urban Zone listed the population of Leicester LUZ at 806,100 people as of 2009. According to the 2011 census Leicester had the largest proportion of people aged 19-and-under in the East Midlands with 27 per cent. Leicestershire is a major commercial and manufacturing centre. Its economy is the largest in the East Midlands, accounting for almost a quarter of the region's GDP (£11billion) and providing jobs for 437,000 people. Ancient Roman pavements and baths remain in Leicester from its early settlement as Ratae Corieltauvorum, a Roman military outpost in a region inhabited by the Celtic Corieltauvi tribe. Following the demise of Roman society the early medieval Ratae Corieltauvorum is shrouded in obscurity, but when the settlement was captured by the Danes it became one of five fortified towns important to the Danelaw. The name "Leicester" is thought to derive from the words castra of the "Ligore", meaning camp of the dwellers on the (river) Legro. Leicester appears in the Domesday Book as "Ledecestre". Leicester continued to grow throughout the Early Modern period as a market town, although it was the Industrial Revolution that facilitated a process of rapid unplanned urbanisation in the area. A newly constructed rail and canal network routed through the area stimulated industrial growth in the 19th century, and Leicester became a major economic centre with a variety of manufacturers engaged in engineering, shoemaking and hosiery production. The economic success of these industries, and businesses ancillary to them, resulted in significant urban expansion into the surrounding countryside. Leicester is one of the oldest cities in England, it was the centre of the bishopric from around 670, endowing it with city status. However, it lost city status in the 11th century during a time of struggle between the church and the aristocracy. The boundaries of Leicester were extended several times in the 19th and 20th centuries; it became a county borough in 1889, and was re-granted city status in 1919. Today, Leicester is located on the Midland Main Line and close to the M1 motorway. The city has the highest ethnic minority population in the United Kingdom in terms of its size, particularly of South Asian origin, a product of immigration to the United Kingdom since the Second World War. To cater for the South Asian community, there are many Muslim, Hindu, Sikh and other places of worship and the Melton Road district serves as a focus, containing a large number of Asian restaurants and other small businesses. Leicester is a centre for higher education, with both the University of Leicester and De Montfort University being based in the city.
Administrative CountyCity of Leicester
Traditional CountyLeicestershire
OS GridSK5804
OS Settlement ClassificationCity
RegionEast Midlands
CountryEngland
Police AuthorityLeicestershire
 

Other names by which Leicester has been known in the past

Augustine Friars ~ Black Friars ~ Caer Leirion ~ Caer Loidcot ~ Castle View ~ Leaster ~ Ledecester ~ Lege Cestria ~ Legecester ~ Legiocester ~ Legraceaster ~ Leicester Abbey ~ Leirceastre ~ Leister ~ Leogora ~ Newark ~ Newarke ~ Victoria Parade ~ White Friars ~ Ledecestre

Leicester in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Castle View, liberty, in S. of co. and within bor. of Leicester, pop. 153.

Leicester in "A Topographical Dictionary of England" edited by Samuel Lewis (1848)

LEICESTER, a borough and market-town, having separate jurisdiction, and the head of a union, in the S. division of the county of Leicester, of which it is the chief town, 97 miles (N. N. W.) from London; containing 48,167 inhabitants. Leicester, which had flourished from remote antiquity as the principal town of the Coritani, was, upon the Conquest of Britain by the Romans, made one of their stipendiary cities; and is clearly identified with the Ratæ of Antoninus, and the Ratiscorion of Richard of Cirencester. That it was a Roman station of considerable importance is evident from the remains of a temple, supposed to have been dedicated to Janus, and from numerous tessellated pavements and other relics of Roman antiquity which have been discovered in the vicinity: one of these relics, found in the year 1830, is a fragment of pavement 20 feet in length, and 17 in breadth, divided into octagonal compartments of great variety, ornamented with wreaths, and formed of tesseræ of exceedingly small dimensions, worked into a regular pattern. By the Saxons the place was, from its situation on the river Lear, now the Soar, called Legerceastre, of which its present name is simply a contraction. Under the heptarchy it belonged to the kingdom of Mercia, and was for about two centuries the head of a see, afterwards removed to Dorchester, and finally to Lincoln. In 874, the Danes, having overrun this part of the kingdom, seized upon Leicester, which they constituted one of the five great cities of their empire in Britain, and retained till Ethelfleda, daughter of Alfred, and widow of Ethelred, Duke of Mercia (who, upon her husband's death, continued to govern the province), rescued it from their possession, after a successful encounter, in which the Danes were defeated with considerable slaughter.

Arms and former Seal.

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