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Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire (Caerfyrddin)

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Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire (Caerfyrddin)

Carmarthen is a community in, and the county town of, Carmarthenshire, Wales. It is sited on the River Towy 8 miles north of its mouth at Carmarthen Bay. In 2001, the population was 14,648. Carmarthen lays claim to being the oldest town in Wales but the two settlements of Old and New Carmarthen were only united into a single borough in 1546.
Administrative CountyCarmarthenshire
Traditional CountyCarmarthenshire
OS GridSN4120
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityDyfed Powys
Fire and Rescue AuthorityMid and West Wales
Fire and Rescue AuthorityMid and West Wales
Ambulance AuthorityWelsh
Dialling code01267
Population14,648 (2001 Census)

Other names by which Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire (Caerfyrddin) has been known in the past

Carmarthen/Caerfyrddin ~ Caerfyrddin ~ Caer Firdhin ~ Caer Marden ~ Caer Merdin ~ Caermarddin ~ Caermardin ~ Caermardyn ~ Caermarthen ~ Kaer Vyrdhin ~ Maridunum ~ Muridunum

Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire (Caerfyrddin) in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Carmarthen, or Caermarthen, co. town of Carmarthenshire, and co. of itself, parl. and mun. bor., par., and port, on river Towy, 5 miles from C. Bay, 28 miles NW. of Swansea, and 242 miles from London by rail -- par. and bor., 4996 ac., pop. 10,514; 3 Banks, 4 newspapers. Market-days, Wednesday and Saturday. C. was the Maridunum of the Romans, and under the native princes the capital of South Wales. On the site of its ancient castle now stands the county gaol. It possesses several important educational institutions, among which are 2 grammar-schools on public foundations, and the South Wales Training College for Teachers. C. carries on considerable trade by river and rail in slates, lead-ore, and tin-plates, besides domestic produce. Vessels of 200 tons can reach the quay, but much of the former river traffic has been diverted by the better access to Llanelly. The salmon fishery is important. C., which gives the title of marquis to the Duke of Leeds, unites with Llanelly in returning 1 member to Parliament.

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