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Blaenavon, Torfaen

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Blaenavon, Torfaen

Blaenavon is a town and World Heritage Site in south eastern Wales, lying at the source of the Afon Lwyd north of Pontypool, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire. The town lies high on a hillside and has a population of 6,349 people. Blaenavon literally means "front of the river" or loosely "river's source" in the Welsh language.
Administrative CountyTorfaen
Traditional CountyMonmouthshire
OS GridSO2509
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityGwent
Fire and Rescue AuthoritySouth Wales
Fire and Rescue AuthoritySouth Wales
Ambulance AuthorityWelsh
Dialling code01495

Blaenavon, Torfaen in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Blaenavon, eccl. dist. and vil. with ry. sta., SW. Monmouthshire, 5½ miles NW. of Pontypool, pop. of dist. 9451; P.O., T.O.; is a seat of ironworks.

Blaenavon, Torfaen in "A Topographical Dictionary of England" edited by Samuel Lewis (1848)

BLAENAVON, a parochial chapelry, chiefly in the parish of Llanover, division and hundred of Abergavenny, county of Monmouth, 5 miles (S. W.) from Abergavenny. The village, which has of late assumed the appearance of a thriving town, is situated in a mountainous district, near the source of the Avon Lloyd, whence it derives its name; many of the houses are excavated in the solid rock. The neighbourhood abounds with iron-ore, coal, and limestone. Iron-works on an extensive scale, belonging to the Blaenavon Company, were completed in 1789, since which they have been progressively increasing: the greater portion of the pig-iron is conveyed by means of a canal and a tramroad to Newport, whence it is exported; and another portion, together with iron, coal, and limestone, is sent to Llanfoist, for supplying Abergavenny, Hereford, &c., on the same conveyance, round the Blorange mountain and down its declivities, by means of an inclined plane. A customary market is held on Saturday. The living is a perpetual curacy; net income, £114; patrons, the Blaenavon Company. There are two places of worship for Baptists; and for Presbyterians, and Calvinistic, Primitive, and Wesleyan, Methodists, one each. Near the iron-works stands a spacious free school, on the national plan, endowed in 1816 by Mrs. Hopkins.

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