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Monmouth, Monmouthshire (Trefynwy)

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Monmouth, Monmouthshire (Trefynwy)

Administrative CountyMonmouthshire
Traditional CountyMonmouthshire
OS GridSO5012
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityGwent
Fire and Rescue AuthoritySouth Wales
Fire and Rescue AuthoritySouth Wales
Ambulance AuthorityWelsh
Dialling code01600

Other names by which Monmouth, Monmouthshire (Trefynwy) has been known in the past

Monmouth/Trefynwy ~ Trefynwy ~ Abermynwy ~ Mongwy ~ Trefynwe ~ Monemude

Monmouth, Monmouthshire (Trefynwy) in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Monmouth, parl. and mun. bor., par., and co. town of Monmouthshire, 19 miles S. of Hereford and 145 miles from London by rail - par., 3420 ac., pop. 5586; bor. (extending into Dixton Newton par.), 4983 ac., pop. 6111; P.O., T.O., 3 Banks, 2 newspapers. Market-day, Saturday. The mfrs., which are inconsiderable, include ironfounding, tanning, and tinplate-working, also chemical works and sawmills. Monmouth is pleasantly situated in a fine valley, sheltered by hills, near the junction of the rivers Wye, Monnow, and Trothy, It has considerable historical interest. During the Saxon era it was a stronghold, intended to check the Britons who descended from the fastnesses of Wales. It has some remains of a famous castle, the favourite residence of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and the birthplace of Henry V. Monmouth received a charter of incorporation from Edward VI.; it was made a parliamentary borough in the reign of Henry VIII. It unites with Newport and Usk in returning 1 member to Parliament.

Monmouth, Monmouthshire (Trefynwy) in "A Topographical Dictionary of England" edited by Samuel Lewis (1848)

MONMOUTH (St. Mary), a borough, markettown, andparish, and the head of a union, in the division and county of Monmouth, of which it is the chief town, 130 miles (W. N. W.) from London, containing 5446 inhabitants. This place, which derives its name from its situation at the mouth of the river Monnow, is by some supposed to have been the Blestium of Antoninus, but no antiquities have been discovered tending to confirm that opinion. It was of considerable importance during the time of the Saxons, who, to secure their conquests between the Severn and the Wye, and to repel the frequent incursions of the Britons, erected a stately castle, and fortified the town with walls of immense strength, of which, however, there are no remains. In the early Norman times, it was bestowed upon William Fitz-Baderon, one of the Conqueror's followers, who, from that circumstance, assumed the name of William de Monmouth. This chieftain rebuilt the castle; and Edward I., in 1272, erected Dixton, Monks, Wye-bridge, and Over-Monnow-bridge gates, and re-erected the walls: small portions of the castle, and of Dixton and Over-Monnow-bridge gates, still remain. Edward was lord of the honour, castle, and manor, which, with the honour and castle of Lancaster, he erected into a duchy, and granted to his third son, Henry, creating him Duke of Lancaster. The celebrated John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, resided for some time in the castle, which was also the birth-place of Henry V. In the civil war during the reign of Charles I. the castle was garrisoned for the king by Lord Herbert; it was taken by Sir William Waller for the parliament, again recovered for the king, and again taken by the parliamentarians.


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