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Buckingham, Buckinghamshire

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Buckingham, Buckinghamshire

Buckingham is a town in north Buckinghamshire, England, close to the borders of Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire. The town has a population of 12,043. Buckingham is also a civil parish designated as a town council. Buckingham was declared the county town of Buckinghamshire in the 10th century when it was made the capital of the newly formed shire of Buckingham until Aylesbury took over this role early in the 18th century.
DistrictAylesbury Vale
Administrative CountyBuckinghamshire
Traditional CountyBuckinghamshire
OS GridSP6933
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionSouth East
Police AuthorityThames Valley
Fire and Rescue AuthorityBuckinghamshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityBuckinghamshire
Ambulance AuthoritySouth Central
Dialling code01280

Other names by which Buckingham, Buckinghamshire has been known in the past

Buckinghamtown ~ Bochingheham

Buckingham, Buckinghamshire in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Buckingham, mun. bor., par., and former co. town of Bucks, on river Ouse, 17 miles NW. of Aylesbury, 24 NE. of Oxford, and 61 from London by rail, 5007 ac., pop. 3585; 3 Banks, 2 newspapers. Market-days, Monday and Saturday; an ancient town, almost encircled by the river, which is here crossed by 3 bridges; it has a Free Grammar-School, founded by Edward VI., and is an agricultural centre, with numerous fairs for horses, cattle, and sheep. Malting and tanning are carried on, and limestone and marble are quarried in the vicinity. The bor. returned 1 member to Parliament until 1885.

Buckingham, Buckinghamshire in "A Topographical Dictionary of England" edited by Samuel Lewis (1848)

BUCKINGHAM (St. Peter and St. Paul), a parish, and the head of a union, in the hundred and county of Buckingham, 17 miles (N. W.) from Aylesbury, and 57 (N. W. by W.) from London; comprising the borough and markettown of Buckingham (which has a separate jurisdiction), the chapelry of Gawcott, the hamlets of Bourton, Bourtonhold, and Lenborough, and the precinct of Prebend-End; and containing 4054 inhabitants, of whom 1816 are in the township, or principal district, of Buckingham. This place is of great antiquity, and is supposed to have derived its name from the Saxon Bucca, a "stag" or "buck," ing, a "meadow," and ham, a "village;" being surrounded with extensive forests well stocked with deer. In 915, Edward the Elder fortified both sides of the river, where the town is situated, with high ramparts of earth, to protect the inhabitants from the incursions of the Danes; the remains are still visible. In 941, the Danes perpetrated dreadful outrages in the neighbourhood, and in 1010 took possession of the town as a place of safety. In the reign of Edward III., Buckingham sent three representatives to a council of trade held at Westminster, at which time it was a considerable staple for wool; but upon the removal of that mart to Calais, its prosperity declined, and it finally became one of those decayed towns for which relief was granted by parliament, in 1535. About this period the assizes, formerly held here, were removed to Aylesbury; but in 1758, Lord Cobham obtained an act for holding the summer assizes at Buckingham. In 1644, Charles I. fixed his head-quarters at the place; and Sir William Waller, after the battle of CropredyBridge, and Fairfax, after his defeat at Boarstall House, in this county, took up their stations here. In 1724, the inhabitants suffered severely from an accidental fire, which destroyed several entire streets, and many of the houses have not yet been rebuilt. Her Majesty and Prince Albert visited the town in January, 1845.

Seal and Arms.

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