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Swansea is a coastal city and county in Wales. It is also Wales's second largest city. Swansea lies within the historic county boundaries of Glamorgan. Situated on the sandy South West Wales coast, the county area includes the Gower Peninsula and the Lliw uplands. The City and County of Swansea had a population of 239,000 in 2011, making it the second most populous local authority area in Wales after Cardiff.
|OS Settlement Classification||City|
|Police Authority||South Wales|
Other names by which Swansea (Abertawe) has been known in the past
Swansea/Abertawe ~ Abertawe ~ Aber Taw ~ Swansea Higher and Lower ~ Swansea Town ~ Swansey ~ Swanzey ~ Swanzy ~ Sweynsei ~ Swinesey
Swansea (Abertawe) in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)
Swansea.-- parl. and mun. borough, seaport, and par., Gower Peninsula, Glamorgan, at mouth of river Tawe, at its entrance into Swansea Bay, Bristol Channel, 32½ miles SW. of Merthyr Tydfil and 213 W. of London by rail - par., 6880 ac. and 1983 tidal water and foreshore, pop. 55,417; mun. bor. (extending into Llangafelach and Llansamlet pars.), 4363 ac., pop. 65,597; contributory parl. bor. (including a further portion of Llansamlet par.), 4777 ac.,pop. 73,971; parl. bor. (including the contributory bors. of Aberavon, Kenfig, Loughor, Neath, and Swansea), 15,085 ac., pop. 100,590; 3 Banks, 5 newspapers. Market-days, Wednesday and Saturday. Swansea is called by the Welsh Abertawe, from its position at the mouth of the Tawe. Copperworks were first established in 1719, and Swansea is now the principal seat of the copper trade in the country; it possesses an abundant supply of coal for smelting, and copper ore is imported from all parts_ of the world. In addition to copper it has extensive mfrs. of tin-plate, iron, steel, zinc, alkali, and patent fuel. The harbour and docks are extensive and commodious, and there is an active trade with the principal British and Continental ports, coal and patent fuel being largely exported. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) One of the principal objects of interest is the massive tower of the castle, originally founded in 1099, and long garrisoned by the English and Flemish colonists who were settled in the peninsula of Gower. Swansea is the home of the Royal Institution of South Wales. It was chartered by John, and incorporated by Henry III. The Swansea Boroughs (Aberavon, Kenfig, Loughor, Neath, and Swansea) returned 1 member to Parliament till 1885. Swansea now returns 2 members to Parliament (2 divisions - viz., Swansea Town and Swansea District, 1 member for each div).
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