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Newport is a city and unitary authority in south east Wales. It is located on the River Usk close to its confluence with the Severn estuary, 12 miles east of Cardiff. It is the third largest city in Wales, with a population of 145,700 (2011 census). Newport has been a port since medieval times, when a castle was built by the Normans. The town outgrew the earlier Roman town of Caerleon, immediately upstream, and gained its first charter in 1314.
|OS Settlement Classification||City|
Other names by which Newport (Casnewydd) has been known in the past
Newport/Casnewydd ~ Casnewydd ~ Castell Newydd ~ New Burgh ~ Newcastle ~ Novus Burgus
Newport (Casnewydd) in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)
Newport, parl. and mun. bor., seaport, market town, par., and township, Monmouthshire, on river Usk, 12 miles NE. of Cardiff and 159 miles W. of London by rail - par. (Newport St Woollos), 3584 ac., pop. 35,932; township, pop. 10,423; parl. bor., 1690 ac., pop. 38,427; mun. bor., 1040 ac., pop. 35,313; 3 Banks, 5 newspapers. Market-days, Wednesday and Saturday. To distinguish it from the ancient Caerleon, this town received from Giraldus the name Novus Burgus, while the Welsh called it Castel Newydd - i.e., Newcastle. Edward II. granted the town its first charter of incorporation. Close to the river's edge are some towers and portions of the walls of the castle erected by the Earl of Gloucester, son of Henry I.; the remains of the building now form part of a brewery. In 1839 Newport was the scene of a great Chartist riot, the rioters being 10,000 armed miners, of whom 20 were shot dead in an encounter with the troops. Commodious docks are here, and the shipping trade of the port is active. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) Shipbuilding, iron-founding, steam engine and boiler mfrs., railway plant works, chain cable and anchor works, chemical works, and agricultural implement mfrs., are the chief local employments. The great trade of the place is the export of manufactured iron. The new Pontypridd, Caerphilly, and Newport Ry. connects the port with the Rhondda Valley coal district. Newport is one of the Monmouth District of Parliamentary Boroughs, which returns 1 member to Parliament.
Newport (Casnewydd) in "A Topographical Dictionary of England" edited by Samuel Lewis (1848)
NEWPORT, a sea-port, market-town, and borough, and the head of a union, in the parish of St. Woollos, hundred of Wentlloog, division of Newport, county of Monmouth, 24 miles (S. W.) from Monmouth, and 146 (W.) from London; containing 10,815 inhabitants, of whom 8225 are in the town. This place, called by Giraldus Novus Burgus, or New Town, in contradistinction to the ancient city of Caerleon, arose out of the declining greatness of that celebrated station. Here Robert, Earl of Gloucester, natural son of Henry I., erected a castle for the defence of his possessions, denominated Castell Newydd, or New Castle: from him it descended through several noble families, till, on the execution of Edward, Duke of Buckingham, it was seized, together with the lordship, by Henry VIII. The town is pleasantly situated on the river Usk, which is navigable for vessels of large size, and crossed by an elegant stone bridge, about four miles from its junction with the Severn; there are several streets, and the town is on the mail-road from Bristol to Milford Haven. The streets are paved, and an act was passed in 1843 for the improved lighting of the town; the inhabitants are supplied with water under an act of parliament obtained in the 7th of George IV., and another act obtained for a better supply in 1846. Several new and handsome buildings evince the rapid improvement of the town. Book-clubs and a reading-room have been established; races are held in the first week in September.
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