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Salisbury is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England and the only city in the county. It is the second largest settlement in the county (the largest being Swindon). It has also been called New Sarum to distinguish it from the original site of settlement to the north of the city at Old Sarum, but this alternative name is not in common use. The city is located in the south-east of Wiltshire, near the edge of Salisbury Plain.
Administrative CountyWiltshire
Traditional CountyWiltshire
OS GridSU1430
OS Settlement ClassificationCity
RegionSouth West
Police AuthorityWiltshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityWiltshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityWiltshire
Ambulance AuthorityGreat Western
Dialling code01722
Population39,726 (2001 Census)

Other names by which Salisbury has been known in the past

Merifield ~ New Sarum ~ Salisburialia ~ Salisburie ~ Salsebury ~ Sarisburia ~ Sarisbury ~ Sarum ~ Sarysburig ~ Sarisberie

Salisbury in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Salisbury (or New Sarum). par. and mun. bor., city, and co. town of Wilts, on the Upper Avon, at confluence of the Bourne and the Nadder and Wiley, 28 miles W. of Winchester and 83 SW. of London by rail - mun. bor., 616 ac., pop. 14,792; parl. bor., pop. 16,435; 4 Banks, 4 newspapers. Market-days, Tuesday and Saturday. Salisbury dates from the beginning of the 13th century, when the see was transferred from Old Sarum to New Sarum. The cathedral, begun in 1220, and completed in 1258, is one of the finest specimens of Gothic architecture in the kingdom. The principal trade is in agricultural produce, and the cattle market is one of the largest in the west of England. The mfrs. include fine cutlery and steel goods, shoes, ropes, twine, haircloth, malting, and brewing. The woollen mfr. is extinct. William Pitt (1708-1778), first Earl of Chatham, was a native. Salisbury gives the title of marquis to the family of Cecil. It was made a free city by Henry III., and was incorporated by James I. It returns 1 member to Parliament; it returned 2 members from the time of Edward I. until 1885, when its parliamentary limits were extended.

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