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Winchester, once the capital of England, is a city with a population of around 40,000. The county town of Hampshire, it lies on the River Itchen at the western end of the South Downs range of chalk hills. Winchester developed from the Roman town of Venta Belgarum, which developed from an Iron Age oppidum.
Administrative CountyHampshire
Traditional CountyHampshire
OS GridSU4829
OS Settlement ClassificationCity
RegionSouth East
Police AuthorityHampshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityHampshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityHampshire
Ambulance AuthoritySouth Central
Dialling code01962

Other names by which Winchester has been known in the past

Bartholomew Hyde St ~ Caer Gwent ~ Faith St ~ St Bartholomew Hyde ~ St Faith ~ Venta ~ Venta Belgarum ~ Wintanceaster ~ Wintonia

Winchester in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Winchester, parl. and mun. bor. and city, Hants, on river Itchin, 12 miles NE. of Southampton and 06 SW. of London by rail, 1032 ac., pop. 17,780; 4 Banks, 3 newspapers. Market-day, Wednesday. Winchester was the Caer Gwent of the Britons, the Venta Belgarum of the Romans, and the Wintanceaster of the Saxons, under whom it became the capital of England; it was frequently the meeting-place of parliaments until the time of Henry VII., but its prosperity was greatly injured, first by the removal of the Court to London, and afterwards, on the dissolution of the monasteries, by the demolition of many of its religious establishments. The diocese of Winchester dates from the 7th century. The cathedral was first completed in 648, but the present structure, one of the largest and in the interior one of the most magnificent in England, was built 1079-93. Other objects of interest are St Mary's College, a famous public school, founded by William of Wykeham in 1387; the hospital of St Cross, founded by Bishop de Blois in 1132; the old castle hall, which has been restored, and the new assize courts adjoining; and Wren's unfinished royal palace (1683), now used for infantry barracks. Winchester was at one time an important seat of the woollen trade. It was constituted a guild under royal protection in the 9th century (100 years earlier than any other on record), and received its first regular charter of incorporation from Henry II. in 1184. It returns 1 member to Parliament; it returned 2 members from Edward I. until 1885.

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