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Penzance, Cornwall

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Penzance, Cornwall

Penzance is a town, civil parish and port in Cornwall, in England United Kingdom. It is well known for being the most westerly major town in Cornwall and is approximately 75 miles west of Plymouth and 300 miles west-southwest of London. Situated in the shelter of Mount's Bay, the town faces south-east onto the English Channel, is bordered to the west by the fishing port of Newlyn, to the north by the civil parish of Madron and to the east by the civil parish of Ludgvan.
Administrative CountyCornwall
Traditional CountyCornwall
OS GridSW4630
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionSouth West
Police AuthorityDevon and Cornwall
Fire and Rescue AuthorityCornwall
Fire and Rescue AuthorityCornwall
Ambulance AuthoritySouth Western
Dialling code01736
Population21,168 (2001)

Other names by which Penzance, Cornwall has been known in the past

Panzants ~ Pen Sans ~ Penance ~ Pensance ~ Pensands

Penzance, Cornwall in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Penzance, mun. bor., seaport, market town, and township, Madron par., Cornwall, 26 miles SW. of Truro and 326 SW. of London by rail - township, 337 ac. and 87 foreshore, pop. 12,499; bor. (comprising the greater part of the township and a small part of Madron township), 486 ac., pop. 12,409; 4 Banks, 3 newspapers. Market-days, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Penzauce is picturesquely situated at the head of Mounts Bay, 8 miles NE. of the Lands End, and is the most westerly town of England. It was burned by the Spaniards in 1595, was sacked by Fairfax in 1646, received its charter of incorporation from James I., and was made one of the stannary towns in 1662. As a head port Penzance has long occupied an important position. Its harbour is formed by 2 piers (North and South), enclosing 21 acres of water, and has accommodation for the largest vessels. The export trade is very considerable, including tin and copper ore, china clay, pilchards, and agricultural produce. The imports are timber, iron, hemp, and tallow. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) On the E. extremity of the South Pier head is Penzance Lighthouse, 22 ft. high, with fixed light 33 ft. above high water and seen 10 miles. Penzance has within recent times become a much frequented watering-place, for which it possesses many excellent advantages, including a fine climate, beautiful environs, 2 esplanades commanding extensive views, and many interesting antiquities in the neighbourhood. Penzance gives the title of baron to the Wilde family.

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