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St Albans

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St Albans

St Albans /sɨnt ˈɔːlbənz/ (Lat. Villa Sancti Albani or Villa Albani) is a city in southern Hertfordshire, England, around 22 miles north of central London, which forms the main urban area of the City and District of St Albans. It is a historic market town, and is now a sought-after dormitory town within the London commuter belt. Property prices are notoriously high within the district, which is one of the most expensive in the UK.
DistrictSt Albans
Post townST. ALBANS
Administrative CountyHertfordshire
Traditional CountyHertfordshire
OS GridTL1507
OS Settlement ClassificationCity
Police AuthorityHertfordshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityHertfordshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityHertfordshire
Ambulance AuthorityEast of England
Dialling code

Other names by which St Albans has been known in the past

Albans ~ Albans St ~ Albans: ~ Gwerllan ~ S. Albanes ~ S. Albans ~ Saint Alban ~ Saint Albans ~ Uerolamium ~ Urolanium ~ Verlam ~ Verlamcester ~ Verlame ~ Verlum ~ Vernlam ~ Verolam ~ Verolamium ~ Verulam ~ Verulamium ~ Watlincester ~ Watlinga Cester ~ Werlam Caester

St Albans in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

St Albans, mun. bor., city, and market town, Herts, 10 miles SE. of Luton and 20 NW. of London by rail, 997 ac., pop. 10,931: P.O., T.O, 2 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Saturday. St Albans stands on a hill washed by the Ver rivulet, on the other side of which is the ancient Roman town of Verulamium. It owes its name to Alban, the first Christian martyr in Great Britain, in memory of whom a monastery was erected in 793 by Offa, King of Mercia. In the 12th century the Abbot of St Albans obtained precedence over all English abbots from Pope Adrian IV. (Nicholas Brakespear), who was a native of St Albans. During the Wars of the Roses 2 great battles were fought at St Albans, in the first of which (1455) the Yorkists were victorious, and in the second (1401) the Lancastrians. The diocese of St Albans was formed in 1875. The cathedral, formerly the abbey church, is a large and beautiful building. St Michael's Church contains the tomb (and a statue) of Lord Bacon. The mfr. of straw-plait is carried on, and there are silk mills and breweries. St Albans gives the title of duke to the family of Beauclerk. It was incorporated in 1554; it returned 2 members to Parliament until 1832, when it was disfranchised.

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