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Hertford, Hertfordshire

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Hertford, Hertfordshire

Hertford is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district of the county. Forming a civil parish, the 2001 census put the population of Hertford at about 24,180. Recent estimates are that it is now around 28,000. The name is Anglo Saxon and means the ford frequented by harts or stags.
DistrictEast Hertfordshire
Administrative CountyHertfordshire
Traditional CountyHertfordshire
OS GridTL3212
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
Police AuthorityHertfordshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityHertfordshire
Fire and Rescue AuthorityHertfordshire
Ambulance AuthorityEast of England
Dialling code01992
Population24,180 (2001 Census)

Other names by which Hertford, Hertfordshire has been known in the past

All Saints ~ Herudford ~ Hertforde

Hertford, Hertfordshire in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

All Saints.-- par. and civ. par., Hertford reg. dist., Herts -- par., 8044 ac., pop. 9056; civ. par., 22 ac., pop. 1127.

Hertford, Hertfordshire in "A Topographical Dictionary of England" edited by Samuel Lewis (1848)

HERTFORD, a borough and market-town, having separate jurisdiction, and the head of a union, locally in the hundred of Hertford, county of Hertford, of which it is the chief town, 21 miles (N.) from London; containing, exclusively of that part of the parish of All Saints actually within the hundred, 5450 inhabitants. Hertford is supposed by Sir Henry Chauncey to have been the Roman station called Durocobrivæ, which has by subsequent writers, with greater probability, been referred to Dunstable. The modern name is of somewhat doubtful etymology: according to Bede it is derived from Herudford, or "red ford," but Salmon deduces it from Here-ford, a "military ford," whence, by corruption, Hertford. The antiquity of the place, however, is unquestionable. So early as the year 673, Theodore, a native of Tarsus, in Cilicia, and then Archbishop of Canterbury, convened a council here; and about 905, Edward the Elder, to protect the inhabitants from the incursions of the Danes, erected a castle, the custody of which, and the government of the town, were given by William the Conqueror to Peter de Valoignes. In the reign of Henry III. William de Valence was governor, and at his death, the castle descended to Aymer de Valence; it was subsequently surrendered to the crown.


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