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Colchester, Essex

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Colchester, Essex

Colchester Listen/ˈkoʊltʃɛstər/ is an historic town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in Essex, England. At the time of the census in 2001, it had a population of 104,390, marking a considerable rise from the previous census and with considerable development since 2001 and ongoing building plans; it has been named as one of Britain's fastest growing towns. As the oldest recorded Roman town in Britain, Colchester is claimed to be the oldest town in Britain.
DistrictColchester
Post townCOLCHESTER
Administrative CountyEssex
Traditional CountyEssex
OS GridTL9925
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionEastern
CountryEngland
Police AuthorityEssex
Fire and Rescue AuthorityEssex
Fire and Rescue AuthorityEssex
Ambulance AuthorityEast of England
Dialling code01206
Population104,390 (2001 census)
 

Other names by which Colchester, Essex has been known in the past

Caer Colin ~ Camalodunum ~ Camolodunum ~ Cole Ceaster ~ Colonia ~ St Botolph ~ Colecastro

Colchester, Essex in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Colchester, parl. and mun. bor., market town, and river port, E. Essex, on S. bank of river Colne, 52 miles NE. of London by rail, 11,314 ac., pop. 28,374; 4 Banks, 7 newspapers. Market-day, Saturday. C. is of great antiquity. It was the Camalodunum of the Romans; the Colneceaster of the Saxons; and a favourite stronghold of the Danes. The Roman walls remain almost entire, and Roman remains, including villas, with tesselated pavements, hypocausts, and baths, Samian pottery, and coins, have been found in the greatest profusion. The castle (12th century) is the largest Norman keep in England. C. is the centre of a large agricultural district, and has extensive corn and cattle markets. Corn, malt, and oysters are exported from its port and suburb, Hythe, 15 miles from the sea. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) The oyster fishery, however, is not so extensive as it once was. The baize mfr. has also declined, and is superseded by silk, more especially the kind employed for umbrellas. Among the minor industrial establishments are flour-mills, engineering works, rope-yards, and lime-kilns. C. returns 1 member to Parl.

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