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Folkestone, Kent

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Folkestone, Kent

Folkestone (population 45,273) is the principal town in the Shepway District of Kent, England. Its original site was in a valley in the sea cliffs and it developed through fishing and its closeness to the Continent as a landing place and trading port. The coming of the railways, the building of a ferry port, and its growing importance as a seaside resort all contributed to its growth. Folkestone has the only sandy beach and coastal park within an hour of north London by High Speed Train.
DistrictShepway
Post townFOLKESTONE
Administrative CountyKent
Traditional CountyKent
OS GridTR2136
OS Settlement ClassificationTown
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Police AuthorityKent
Fire and Rescue AuthorityKent
Fire and Rescue AuthorityKent
Ambulance AuthoritySouth East Coast
Dialling code01303
Population45,273
 

Other names by which Folkestone, Kent has been known in the past

Folkstone ~ Foulkston ~ Fulchestan

Folkestone, Kent in John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" (1887)

Folkestone (or Folkstone).-- mun. bor., corporate member of the Cinque Port of Dover, market and seaport town, and par., Kent, 6 miles SW. of Dover and 71 miles SE. of London by rail -- par., 4311 ac., pop. 19,297; town, 2306 ac., pop. 18,816; mun. bor., 2481 ac., pop. 18,986; corporate member of Dover, 806 ac., pop. 15,561; P.O., T.O., 1 Bank, 4 newspapers. Market-days, Wednesday and Saturday. Folkestone was at an early period a place of importance. The first nunnery in England was established there by St Eanswitha, daughter of Eadbald, King of Kent, who himself had erected (630) a castle and a church at Folkestone. In 1092 Folkestone became the seat of a priory for Benedictine monks. After the Reformation its prosperity greatly declined, and it was a mere fishing village until the formation of the harbour in 1809. In 1844 it became the terminus of the South-Eastern Railway; and it is now the seat of the steam packet service to Boulogne, distant about 30 miles. It is also a summer resort, and has some fishing and a considerable shipping trade. (For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) A low water landing pier was erected in 1861, and the first stone of a deep water harbour was laid in October 1881. On the S. pier are 2 fixed lights seen 6 miles, and at the extremity of the new pier is a fixed light seen 6 miles. Folkestone was the birthplace of Harvey (1578-1657), discoverer of the circulation of the blood. The whole par. is within the parl. limits of Hythe.

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